What Is Hospice Care?
Hospice care is a type of specialized care for someone who is suffering from a terminal illness, usually with a life expectancy under six months. The care focuses on improving the patient’s quality of life during their remaining time, on reducing their pain and making them as comfortable as possible, without attempting to cure the disease. It usually includes emotional and spiritual support as well, in addition to attending to the physical needs of the patient.
Hospice care can be provided in the terminally ill person’s home or in a residential hospice facility, hospital, nursing home or other long-term care facility.
Hospice care in the home can be provided for the duration of the person’s life or only during those times when the patient has a crisis and needs more care than their family member or other caregiver can provide.
Hospice care provided in a residential facility can be provided when the patient’s symptoms can no longer be controlled at home, or can be used for respite care, when the regular caregiver needs a break or can’t cope with the situation.
What Is Hospice Care Like?
When you need hospice care, an entire team is usually assigned to work with you. This team will develop a unique care plan just for you to help control any symptoms or pain you may experience, and to provide you with the emotional or spiritual support you need.
The hospice team usually consists of your family, regular caregiver if you have one, your personal physician, a hospice doctor, nurses, home health aides, social workers, counselors and spiritual caregivers. Sometimes your team may include volunteers and other professionals like speech or physical therapists, if you need this type of therapy.
When you receive hospice care, your hospice team will make regular visits to check on you. and provide additional care or other services as needed. Members of the team are usually on call around the clock, seven days a week. This applies regardless of whether you are receiving care at home, in a nursing home, or some other type of long-term care facility.
Hospice care is usually covered 100% by Medicare, Medicaid and private insurance. Under Medicare, hospice care covers medications, medical equipment, access to care around the clock, nursing, social services, and grief support, and possibly other services that are seen as necessary based on your needs.
What to Expect from Hospice Care?
Hospice care will vary depending on each individual’s specific needs. These will be determined by your hospice team and spelled out in a care plan customized for you. Hospice care often includes the following as needed:
- Physician services
- Regular visits by registered nurses and licensed practical nurses to monitor your condition, to provide care and to make sure you are comfortable
- Home health aide and homemaker services to take care of personal needs
- Chaplain services for the you and your loved ones
- Social work and counseling services
- Grief counseling for your family and friends
- Medical equipment such as a hospital bed
- Medical supplies such as catheters
- Medications to control any symptoms or pain
- Volunteer support
- Physical, speech and occupational therapy
- Alternative therapies like music therapy
- Dietary counseling
Levels of Care and Costs
Hospice care is usually provided and the costs covered based on the following four levels established by Medicare:
- Routine Home Care – This end-of-life care is provided when the patient’s symptoms are under control at their place of residence, whether they are in their own private home, or in assisted living, a nursing home or other type of long-term care facility.
- Crisis Care –This type of care is provided for short periods of time when the patient experiences a medical or psychosocial crisis. This is typically provided at the patient’s residence, in a nursing home or in a hospice facility.
- Inpatient Respite Care – This type of care is provided when the family or other caregiver needs a break. The patient can be temporarily placed in a hospice facility for up to five days.
- General Inpatient Care – This type of care is provided by hospice centers, hospitals and nursing homes when the patient’s symptoms can’t be controlled at home.
Introduction to Durham, North Carolina and Surrounding Areas
Durham, North Carolina has an active and vibrant community that results in the city consistently being ranked as one of the top places to live in the country. It has been rated number one out of 274 other counties of similar size on the Creativity Index from Carnegie Mellon University. The area is home to Research Triangle Park, Duke University, North Carolina Central, as well as historic homes, tree-lined streets, and a number of notable golf courses. Money Magazine has voted Durham one of the Best Places to Live in the South. Durham's history is rich and its future is progressive, with an emphasis on high technology, education, and medicine. The city is known as the City of Medicine.
There is quite a range of cultural activities and resources in Durham. The city has numerous jazz festivals, blues festivals, symphony concerts, and art exhibitions to choose from. The American Dance Festival and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival happen here every year. The Carolina Theatre resides at the center of Durham's cultural scene, with live performances and films from around the world. The city is host to an annual Gay and Lesbian film festival, drawing people from across the country. The culinary offerings of the city are plentiful and delicious, including restaurants in the Ninth Street, Brightleaf, and University Drive areas of town.
Durham Sports and Leisure
For baseball fans, Durham has the Duke University Blue Devils, which play from February to May. The Durham Bulls baseball club is a popular minor league team that plays in Durham Bulls Athletic Park, which was designed by the architects of Baltimore's Camden Yards. Durham Bulls Athletic Park is also home to the USA Olympic Baseball Team and other national teams. For Basketball, there's the Duke University Blue Devils and the North Carolina Central University Eagles team, which play in Division I and Division II, respectively. For football fans, the Blue Devils and the Eagles both deliver, and football can be seen at both O'Kelly-Riddick Stadium and Wallace Wade Stadium. The city also has Duke University LaCrosse, Crystal Downs Polo, and soccer at Kosken Stadium and Wallace Wade Stadium.
There are many outdoor activities to enjoy in and around the city of Durham. The American Tobacco Trail has 12 miles of trails from downtown to the county line that offer residents good access for biking, hiking, walking, or jogging. At Eno River State Park, visitors can enjoy bird-watching, canoeing, rafting, fishing, and hiking. Crane Creek Ranch has English and western horseback riding lessons, as well as leased horses, pasture boarding, and acres of riding trails. Boating, sailing, fishing, hiking, and rock hounding can be enjoyed at the Flat River.
Durham at Night
There is an abundance and variety of nightlife in the city of Durham to satisfy just about anyone. There's the All People's Grill that features live blues every Saturday night. Arnie's Place has billiards, a bar and grill, darts, and karaoke. The Blayloc Café is a martini bar serving pizza, soups, salads, and sandwiches and featuring artwork and photography on the walls. The Broad Street Café has cozy chairs that patrons can curl up in and drink a steamy latte or have a slice of cheesecake.