Many people living with digestive, kidney or urinary diseases have ostomy surgery to create an opening from the inside of the body to the outside. The surgical opening is called a stoma. There are several types of ostomy. Ileostomy involves the small intestine and bypasses the colon, rectum and anus. Colostomy involves the colon and bypasses the rectum and the anus. Urostomy involves the urinary system and bypasses the bladder.
When an organ must be removed, an ostomy is permanent. However, if the organ is healing from infection or surgery, an ostomy can be temporary. Regardless, when an ostomy is placed, there is a new system for how waste exits the body. Perhaps one of the greatest challenges patients face after ostomy surgery is becoming accustomed to the pouching system and other necessary equipment.
Goals of Ostomy Care
The goal of ostomy care is to help patients familiarize themselves with properly caring for their ostomy so they can maintain a high quality of life following surgery. If cared for properly, there is no reason why a patient can’t take part in normal, everyday activities. However, it is important to follow medical advice and recommendations about caring for an ostomy to avoid problems and possible complications.
Ostomy Care Services Include:
- Emptying the ostomy pouch when necessary
- Regularly replacing the pouching system
- Accurately measuring the stoma for size when inserting a new system
- Skin care to avoid irritation
- Diet, exercise and medication modifications
About Ostomy Care Plans
Following surgery, it is very convenient to care for an ostomy at home when given the right tools and information. This service helps patients feel more comfortable, secure and independent in caring for and living with an ostomy. Contact an in-home care agency that is educated and trained to assist patients with in-home ostomy care.